Housing, the energy efficiency black hole of South-East Europe — challenges and solutions
Similar to other transition economies, the Western Balkans 6 (WB6) countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia – emerged from the socialist era with energy intensive economies.
The WB6 remain three times more energy intensive than the EU28 at large and 1.6 times more than new Member States from Central and Eastern Europe (NMS11). The residential sector represents one of the largest components of total final energy consumption, accounting for 30-40 % of the total. Various IEA and World Bank estimates point to potential savings in the WB6 of up to 10-35 % for households. In monetary terms, public buildings and households alone could yield savings valued at EUR 805 million by 2020 according to the Energy Community. However, the countries with the most opportunities to save, such as BiH, with an energy intensity of 522 Kgoe/EUR 1 000, struggle to reproduce best practice examples from more advanced neighbours such as Croatia, which has an energy intensity of 198 Kgoe/EUR 1 000.
It will also be interesting to hear the experience from Bulgaria, from The Center for Energy Efficiency EnEffect. This is a non-profit NGO, registered as a foundation in 1992. It has long and proven experience in both energy planning at municipal and national level and in development and application of energy efficient solutions for buildings and industrial systems in Bulgaria and abroad. This includes assistance to central and local authorities in development and implementation of energy efficiency policies harmonised with EU legislation.
This session brings together experts and financiers who have demonstrated good practice and delivered energy efficient buildings in the region. It compares their experience to other centres where the challenges are great but as yet unresolved to try to identify blocks and pitfalls.