Residential energy efficiency in South East Europe — challenges and opportunities

Similar to other transition economies, the Western Balkans 6 (WB6) countries - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo*, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia - emerged from the socialist era with energy intensive economies.

The WB6 remain 3 times more energy intensive than the EU28 at large and 1.6 times more than new member states from Central and Eastern Europe (NMS11).  

The residential sector represents one of the largest components of Total Final Energy Consumption, accounting for 30 to 40 % of the total.  Various IEA and World Bank estimates point to potential savings in the WB6 of up to 10-35% for households. In monetary terms, public buildings and households alone could yield savings valued at €805 million by 2020 according to the Energy Community and yet the countries with the most opportunities to save such as BiH with an energy intensity of 522Kgoe/1,000€ struggle to reproduce the best practice examples coming from more advanced neighbours such as Croatia -the newest EU member state as of 2013 - with an energy intensity of 198Kgoe/1,000€. 

We shall also compare this to the Bulgarian experience where a decade of EU membership has provided some even more striking lessons in terms of what works and what doesn’t.

The purpose of this session will be to bring together those experts and financiers who have demonstrated good practice and delivered energy efficiency buildings in the region and compare that to other centres where the challenges are great but as yet unresolved to try an identify the policy black holes and stellar successes.

This session brings together experts and financiers who have demonstrated good practice and delivered energy efficient buildings in the region. It compares their experience to other centres where the challenges are great but as yet unresolved to try to identify blocks and pitfalls.


Head of Western Balkans Regional Cooperation
European Comission
Senior Researcher
Energy Institute “Hrvoje Požar"
Executive Manager and Member of Board
Sarajevostan d.d.
Programme Manager for Energy and Transport DG NEAR
European Commission
SEE Change NET
Team Leader, Project Coordinator and Trainer
Head of Sustainable Resource Investment