In the session different models for cross-border RES-cooperation will be introduced and discussed. In particular the pilot RES-cooperation between Germany and Denmark will be presented. Furthermore possible elements of a“Blueprint for Cooperation” will be introduced.
In the first part of the session the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi) will present an overview of possible models for cross-border RES-cooperation and the Danish Energy Agency (Energistyrelsen) will give a presentation on the Danish-German cross-border pilot auction. The second part of the session will be a panel discussion on the future of regional RES cooperation. The following panelists have confirmed their participation: Marie Donnelly (DG Energy), Jane Glindvad Kristensen (Energistyrelsen), Pierre Tardieu (WindEurope) and André Poschmann (BMWi). The panel will be moderated by Dr. Lena Kitzing(Technical University of Denmark).
The EU Renewable Energy Directive – 2009/28/EC – provides the basis for enhanced cooperation on the expansion of renewable energy between Member States by introducing cooperation mechanisms (articles 5 to 11). The EU guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy call on the Member States to make better use of these cooperation mechanisms.
As part of the state aid approval for Germany’s Renewable Energy Sources Act 2014 (EEG 2014), the German government and the European Commission agreed that from 2017 onwards, 5 percent of the newly installed renewables capacity per year will be opened to installations from other EU Member States (“partial opening”).
As a first step, a pilot auction for ground-mounted PV systems will be opened for test purposes in 2016 (“pilot-opening”).
This is to anchor the energy transition regionally within Europe and help to increasingly align national support schemes for renewable energy. Opening up pilot auctions this year is a first step that allows Germany and its partner countries to gain experience with using this new instrument. Based on this experience an opening of auctions for other technologies as of 2017 will be designed and implemented.
The German Renewable Energy Act of 2014 sets out three conditions for supporting renewable electricity from other countries:
1. Germany and its partner country must conclude a cooperation agreement within the meaning of the cooperation mechanisms laid down in the Renewable Energy Directive.
2. Cooperation shall be based on the principle of reciprocity. This means that a renewable installation in another country can only receive support from the German support scheme if the partner country opens its auctions to installations built in Germany, too.
3. The electricity from foreign installations must have a real impact on the German electricity market ('physical’ import of electricity).