Hydrogen and fuel cells greening European industry
The session focuses on the potential of green hydrogen to decarbonise large industries, such as steel making, refineries, ammonia/ fertilizer plants and food industry. Large industries are traditionally dependent on imported energy and raw materials and emit up to 40% of total CO2 emissions worldwide.
Hydrogen produced by indigenous renewable energy sources (RES) can help reduce CO2 emissions and in many cases raw material needs of industrial processes.
Fuel cell and hydrogen technology is a viable solution to large industries in a quest to greening their operations. Hydrogen technologies are already advanced enough to sustain the needs of large industries.
Refineries and ammonia/ fertilizer plants are the largest consumers of hydrogen today. Green hydrogen produced from RES can displace grey hydrogen currently used. In the long term, green hydrogen can be used to replace coal in steel industry through direct iron ore reduction. In food industry, hydrogen can help displace natural gas in oil heaters.
The urge to facilitate market deployment of innovative solutions remains one of the key priorities of the European Union. The session highlights the role of the public -private partnership model as an effective way for European intervention to overcome current obstacles and to coordinate R&D activities. FCH JU funded projects will be used as examples in the session.
The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) is a unique public private partnership supporting research, technological development and demonstration (RTD) activities in fuel cell and hydrogen energy technologies in Europe. Its aim is to accelerate the market introduction of these technologies, realising their potential as an instrument in achieving a carbon-lean energy system.